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Group B streptococci are dangerous only during pregnancy?
Group B streptococci are bacteria that live in the digestive tract. Their presence is usually not associated with any symptoms. They do not cause vaginal discharge, nor burning or itching.
Bacteria becomes dangerous in pregnancywhen there is a real risk of it getting from the anus into the vagina and this way to the child. The risk is quite high. The final digestive tract is located near the anus. Bacteria can be easily moved, even when using the toilet.
Streptococci are diagnosed in 10-30% of pregnant women.
GBS positive and subsequent pregnancy
If in the first pregnancy a woman was diagnosed with streptococci (the test was positive), at the next pregnancy should inform her attending physicianbecause bacterial colonization is recurrent.
This is very important because it allows you to apply adequate treatment early enough and to avoid perinatal complications caused by bacteria (too early rupture of fetal waters and no progress in labor delivery). Inflammation of the urinary tract, fetal membranes and endometrium may also be a problem. In extreme cases, group B streptococci can even cause intrauterine death.
A problem for the child
During natural delivery, streptococci are present in the genital tract dangerous for the newborn baby. They can also attack a baby several hours before the actual delivery, when the fetal membranes rupture.
Toddler deprived of sufficiently good protection can easily be attacked by them, which is observed in the form of pneumonia, meningitis or sepsis.
Streptococcal detection test
The test for streptococcal detection is simple to do. It can be carried out in a few moments. This is usually done by a midwife, less often a doctor. Theoretically, taking a swab is simple enough that a woman could do it on her own, however the result was reliable, it is recommended that you seek professional care. Precise microbiological methods should be maintained.